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State Requirements For Use (Electric Bike Law By State)

While Federal law governs consumer product regulations for "low speed electric bicycles", as with motor vehicles and bicycles, regulation of how these products are used on public streets is subject to state vehicle codes. There is significant variation from state to state, as summarized below.

Comparison of state rules and regulations[edit]

  • Identity: How exactly does legislation identify the electric bicycle?
  • Type: How does the law define vehicle type?
  • Max Speed: Maximum speed when powered solely by the motor.
  • Max Power: Maximum motor power, or engine size, permitted.
  • Helmet: Is usage of a helmet mandatory?
  • Minimum Age: Operator's minimum age.
  • Driver's License: Is a license or endorsement required for the driver?
State Identity Type Max speed (mph) Max power Helmet Min age License
Alabama Motor-driven cycle Motorcycle None 150 cc Motorcycle helmet required 14 Yes, M class 
Alaska Motor-driven cycle Motorcycle None 50 cc 14 Yes, M class
Arizona Motorized electric bicycle or tricycle Bicycle 20 48 cc No None No
Arkansas Motorized bicycle Bicycle None 50 cc Yes 10 Yes
California Motorized Bicycle Bicycle 20 1,000 W Yes 16 No
Colorado Electrical assisted bicycle Bicycle 20 750 W No None No
Connecticut Bicycle with helper motor 40 2.0 bhp (1.5 kW) or 50 cc yes 15 yes
Delaware Bicycle Bicycle 20 <750 watts Under 16
District of Columbia Motorized bicycle 35 1.5 hp (1.1 kW) or 50 cc 18 Yes
Florida Electric-assist bicycle Bicycle 20 None No 16 No
Georgia Electric bicycle Bicycle 20 1,000 W Under 16 no
Hawaii Moped 30 2 hp No 15 Yes
Idaho
Illinois Low‑speed bicycle Bicycle (625 ILCS 5/11‑1516) 20 None No 16 No
Indiana
Iowa Electric Bicycle Bicycle 20, unless pedaling 750 watts No None No
Kansas
Kentucky Motorized bicycle Moped 30 2.0 brake hp or 50 cc no 16 yes
Louisiana
Maine Motorized bicycle or tricycle 25 1.5 break hp yes
Maryland Moped 30 1.5 brake hp (1.1 kW) or 50 cc yes yes
Massachusetts Motorized bicycle 25 50 cc Yes 16 Yes
Michigan Moped 30 100 cc Motorcycle helmet required 16 Yes
Minnesota Electric-Assisted Bicycle 20 1000w No 15 No
Mississippi Bicycle with a motor attached Bicycle None None No None No
Missouri
Montana Bicycle Bicycle

Definition 61-8-102(2)(b)(ii)

30 2.0 bhp and <=50cc No
Nebraska Moped  Motorized Bicycle with Pedals 30  50cc or 2 bhp, whichever is less  Yes Yes 
Nevada
New Hampshire Low-Speed Electric Bicycle Bicycle 20 750 watts Required Under 16 14 no
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York Illegal
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon Electric assisted bicycle Bicycle 20 1000 W Under 16 16 No
Pennsylvania Pedalcycle with electric assist Bicycle 20 750 W No 16 No
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee 30 Yes 14 (restricted) Yes
Texas Electric bicycle Bicycle 20 None No None No
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

 

*Source: Wikipedia.com

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Awesome Bike

I absolutely love my Catalina Cruiser I received for my 69th birthday. I have to admit, I was a bit scared at first, but after my maiden voyage, I was hooked!
I am averaging 10 miles a day and burning calories effortlessly. I rarely use the throttle because the pedal assist is so easy.
I am having so much fun on this ebike and I can’t wait to get out on the bike trails in the Fall to enjoy all the beautiful colors.

D
Ecotric Rocket Fat Tire Beach Snow Electric Bike with Front Suspension
David Hylton
Nice Bike Heavy Duty for Bigger Guys

Was looking for a Bike that is built for Bigger Guys and found this one. Working great and price was great also. Plenty of battery life for a day of riding and really makes a difference on pedaling uphill.

Better than expected

I purchased 2 e-bikes from Electric Zip and I must say these are like my title line says... better than expected. I was and still am very impressed with the quality of these bikes. I ride it everyday with a smile and can't wait to take it for a ride. Being able to go 3 times farther than I would on a regular bike is a plus all in itself. When I saw all the buttons and LCD screen I thought it was going to be a little confusing. Not at all. Very easy to use and fun to shift gears and adjust the PAS. I had to make a few small adjustments on the front brakes but that was easy as well and you get a nice tool kit to do what you need. I love this bike and have told all my friends and co-workers about them and to buy them from Andrew at Electric Zip. And finally... talking about Andrew, he is the most responsive, helpful and caring individual. I trust his company and I trust these bikes.

B
Ecotric Rocket Fat Tire Beach Snow Electric Bike with Front Suspension
Brett Hamel
1700 miles

Well had this bike almost a years now 1700 miles on it I ride it to work everyday I'm in iowa n it was below 0 for over a week n as long as I rode it to work which is 3 miles each way I had no issues I did have it inside at home and at work the only issues I've had seem to be with a few things having threads crossed and when I went to adjust them they became nonworking after one was brake caliper adjustment barrel was cross threaded and had to buy new one other was brake handle clamp was cross threaded and the bolt wouldn't come out n broke so need to buy new one now other than that no complaints